Semykin Sergey Ivanovich, PhD (Engin.), Senior Researcher, Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: isisemykin@gmail. com, ORCID 0000-0002-7365-2259

Golub Tetyana Sergeevna, PhD (Engin.), Senior Researcher, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: dove@email.ua,  ORCID 0000-0001-9269-2953

Vakulchuk Vladimir Viktorovich, PhD (Engin.), Research Scientist, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasovof the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: vvvakulchuk@gmail.com,  ORSID 0000-0001-7887-2843

 

Research on the physical model of features of the behavior of a two-phase bath at top blowing through a tip with folded nozzles

 

Summary. At the previous stage of research using a physical model of an oxygen converter, the results of studying the features of purging a single-phase liquid through a single composite nozzle were obtained. The aim of this work was to study the behavior of a two-phase bath using a multi-nozzle lance with folded nozzles. At this stage of the study, silicone oil was used to simulate the slag phase of a two-phase bath. The peculiarities of the influence of experimental nozzles on the processes of mixing and foaming of two phases were studied. Three variants of the experimental nozzle design were investigated: a combination of a conventional and a slit nozzle with a ratio of their areas of 1: 1, 1: 2 and 2: 1. It is established that the use of a tip with four nozzles during purging from above promotes the active formation of a two-layer foamed emulsion on the surface of the bath. Comparison of the operation of the tip with folded nozzles with a tip with a cylindrical indicates more active mixing of the two liquids and the formation of a more stable and much higher layer of foamed emulsion. The most favorable conditions for the organization of full mixing of the two phases in the converter bath are formed when using folded nozzles with a slit size of about 35% and a ratio of slot and nozzle area of ​​1: 2. To intensify the mixing processes in the upper zone of the unit, it is most expedient to use folded nozzles with a larger fraction of the slit (up to 65%) and the ratio of the areas of the components of the nozzle 2: 1. The use of nozzles with equal areas of components in the studied conditions does not have a positive effect on metabolic processes in the converter bath.

Keywords: oxygen conversion, physical modeling, upper purge, folded nozzle, delay and mixing of two-phase phases

 

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