Babachenko Alexander Ivanovich, Dr. Sci., (Engin.), Senior Research Scientist, Director, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: a_babachenko@i.ua, ORCID 0000-0003-4710-0343

Tuboltsev Leonid Grigoryevich, Ph.D. (Engin.), Senior Researcher, Honored Worker of Industry of Ukraine, Head of Department, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: isi.tubol@gmail.com; ORCID 0000-0001-6873-6685

 

TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF FERROUS METALLURGY OF UKRAINE IN THE MEDIUM-TERM AND LONG-TERM PERSPECTIVE

 

Summury. The purpose of the study is to identify current trends in metallurgical technologies, taking into account environmental problems. The world is undergoing major changes in environmental policy, which has become an integral part of industrial policy and international trade. The analysis shows a certain connection between the increase in Earth’s temperature and the growth of steel production in the world. Therefore, the Paris Climate Agreement, which was supported by most industrialized countries, is based on the idea of limiting and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by industrial enterprises. On the one hand, industrial emissions undoubtedly affect the ecological state of the environment. On the other hand, a sharp reduction in production emissions significantly increases financial costs. In the world, environmental requirements for metallurgical processes are gaining such a level that threatens the prospects for the development of metallurgy. It is shown that the choice of the optimal path of ecological development requires the search for new solutions to increase the level of implementation of ecological innovations by Ukrainian enterprises. To identify the impact of production technologies of different types of metallurgical products, the method of expert-mathematical evaluation using the Harrington desirability function was used. It is shown that for rolled products the rating means «satisfactory» or «good». The situation with the production of iron ore, pig iron and steel is worse – here a comprehensive assessment shows the value of «unsatisfactory» and «satisfactory». This thesis is confirmed by the fact that investments of ecological orientation of the Ukrainian metallurgical enterprises are now directed on improvement of ecological indicators in the specified directions. Prospects for the development of metallurgy in Ukraine should be associated with the implementation of new technical solutions, in particular those developments that are in the stage of exploratory research and experimental samples. Scientific developments of the Iron and Steel Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, aimed at reducing energy consumption and improving the environmental performance of metallurgical production

Keywords: metallurgy, ecological state, technologies, greenhouse gases, investments, scientific researches

 

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