Babachenko Alexander Ivanovich, Dr. Sci., (Engin.), Senior Research Scientist, Director, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: a_babachenko@i.ua, ORCID 0000-0003-4710-0343
Garmash Larysa Ivanivna, PhD (Engin.), Research Scientist, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasovof the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: larysagar@gmail.com; ORSID 0000-0002-9540-3037
Tuboltsev Leonid Grigoryevich, Ph.D. (Engin.), Senior Researcher, Honored Worker of Industry of Ukraine, Head of Department, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: isi.tubol@gmail.com; ORCID 0000-0001-6873-6685

 

CREATIVE WAY OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE OF NAS OF
UKRAINE. 80 YEARS

Summary. The history of the creation of the Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (HMI). The main stages in the history of the HMI, its leaders and directions of scientific research are presented. The foundations of scientific topics and reputable scientific schools were laid by outstanding scientists of the Institute, who have not lost their relevance at the present time. It is shown that the creation and
establishment of the HMI was determined by the need to develop the country’s ferrous metallurgy. The origins of creating the scientific topics of the Institute, which covered all the main stages of ferrous metallurgy, are given. Major scientific developments created by the staff of the Institute for the first time in world and domestic practice, which currently form the basis of world metallurgy, are presented. The analysis shows that the strategic direction of the development of domestic metallurgy in the future is the evolutionary change in metallurgical technologies. In this regard, the Institute develops the main directions of scientific and technical support of technologies for blast furnace, steelmaking and rolling production, heat treatment of rolled products. The examples of modern scientific developments of the Institute are given. The research areas of the Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine cover a wide range of problems in the production of  metal products and are complex, which is an important advantage in modern «Фундаментальні та прикладні проблеми чорної металургії. – 2019. – Вып.33  «Fundamental and applied problems of ferrous metallurgy». – 2019. – Collection 33
ISSN 2522-9117 «Fundamental’nye i prikladnye problemy černoj metallurgii». – 2019. – Vypusk 33
metallurgical production. The HMI has a serious scientific potential for the  latest modern technological and technical solutions for domestic metallurgical production, which at the development stage are being adapted to the existing technological and raw material conditions in Ukraine. Most of the new developments in technological content and intellectual level of implementation are not inferior to world analogues and are widespread in world practice.

Keywords: ferrous metallurgy, institute, history, scientific schools,
scientific and technical support of metallurgical technologies
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