Babachenko Alexander Ivanovich, Dr. Sci., (Engin.), Senior ResearchScientist, Director, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: a_babachenko@i.ua, ORCID 0000-0003-4710-0343
Vergun Alexander Sergeevich, Dr. Sci., (Engin.), Senior Research Scientist, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasovof the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail:ovoch-isi@outlook.com, ORCID 0000-0001- 5493-9214
Tuboltsev Leonid Grigoryevich, Ph.D. (Engin.), Senior Researcher, Honored Worker of Industry of Ukraine, Head of Department, Iron and Steel Institute named after Z.I. Nekrasov of the NAS of Ukraine, Academican Starodubova square, 1, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49107; e-mail: isi.tubol@gmail.com; ORCID 0000-0001-6873-6685; ORSID 0000-0001-9540-3037

 

Iron and Steel Institute in the system of the National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine. Experience and prospects

Abstract. The history of the creation of the Iron and Steel Institute is
given. It is shown that the creation and establishment of the Institute was
determined by the need to develop the country’s ferrous metallurgy. The
Institute has united groups of metallurgical scientists, scattered in their
activities, who worked in various institutes of the country. The program of the
Institute, despite its youth, was wide and relevant, which can be explained by
the experience, initiative and scale of the activities of the scientists who headed
the departments of the institute. The origins of the creation of the scientific
themes of the Institute, which covered all the major redistribution of the steel
industry, are given. The major scientific developments created by the Institute’s
staff for the first time in world and domestic practice, which currently form the
basis of world metallurgy, are given. Outstanding scientists of the Institute
created quite a few scientific schools, which even today continue to make an
invaluable contribution to the development of scientific subjects, the
implementation of the results of basic and applied research in metallurgical
enterprises. The analysis shows that the strategic direction of development of
the domestic metallurgy in the future is an evolutionary change in metallurgical
technologies. In this regard, the main areas of scientific and technical support
of blast furnace, steelmaking and rolling production, heat treatment of rolled
4
«Фундаментальные и прикладные проблемы черной металлургии. – 2018. – Вып.32
«Fundamental and applied problems of ferrous metallurgy». – 2018. – Collection 32
ISSN 2522-9117 «Fundamental’nye i prikladnye problemy černoj metallurgii». – 2018. – Vypusk 32
products developed at the Institute are given. Examples of modern scientific
developments of the Institute are given.
Key words: ferrous metallurgy, technologies, scientific schools, scientific
and technical support of metallurgical technologies
Reference
1. Bol’shakov V.I., Tubol’tsev L.G., Vrublevskiy V.V. Istoki stanovleniya
nauchnoy tematiki Instituta chernoy metallurgii NAN Ukrainy.
Fundamental’nye i prikladnye problemy černoj metallurgii. – 2019. –
Vypusk 8. – 2004. – S.3–23. (In Russian)
2. Bol’shakov V.I., Tubol’tsev L.G., Murav’yeva I.G. Nauchno-tekhnicheskaya
deyatel’nost’ ICHM v tsentre metallurgii Ukrainy (1952–2004 gg).
Fundamental and applied problems of ferrous metallurgy. – 2019. –
Vypusk 8. – 2004. – S.24–51.